There are many reasons why you should incorporate native plants as part of your gardening landscape.
At Seaway Farms we provide a variety of local plant species for Niagara homeowners to be able to grow their garden naturally.
Native plants are considered to be those that are local to our region and are part of our current geological time.
Native plants are ones that are the original species to our region or have developed over many years to now be able to grow naturally in our areas; which means they flourish in our climate, get their nutrients from the soil (or water) they grow in, and resilient to local insects and pests.
The benefits to growing native plants in your garden.
- Usually inexpensive
- Low maintenance means more time to sit back and enjoy your garden
- Save on your water bill! Native flowers require little to no watering.
- Flowering native plants provide nourishment for bees, birds, and butterflies.
- There are plants resilient to woodland animals, including deer.
- Native wildflowers are perennial or self-seeding, which means you will not have to replace them every year.
- Tall plants look great as cut flower arrangements
- Resilient to local bugs and diseases means you will save time and money by not having to add pesticides to your garden, and it is also better for the environment.
- They get their nourishment from the soil, so no fertilizers are needed.
- Incorporating native flowers into your gardening landscape helps to reduce lawn mowing.
- They are perennials and self-seeding, so they come back year after year. You don’t have to buy a lot of plants.
By planting native flowers in your garden, you can feel good that you are doing your local environment a favour! Sit back, relax, and watch your beautiful garden grow, year after year.
Tips for planting Native Flowers
- Make sure to water and fertilize when first planted; once they are rooted, no, or infrequent, maintenance is required.
- Plant a variety of flowers that bloom at various times to provide sustenance for the birds and bees all season.
- Plant in the Spring to give the flowers all season to establish their root system.
- Match your backyard conditions to the species’ preferences to obtain the best planting results.
- When first planted, mulch, fertilize, and water when necessary to help establish roots.
More information about what species of plants, trees, and shrubs are local to the Niagara Region, visit the Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority’s website – NPCA Plant Guide
Here are some native plants available at Seaway Farms.
Phlox are a perennial, low-growing plant with a star-shaped bloom. A beautiful, low-maintenance flower that blooms in the Spring and Summer. Their fragrant bouquet attracts butterflies and birds. Phlox like to grow in full to part sun, and loamy soil.
Bachelor Button - Centaurea cyanus
Bachelor’s button an easy-growing perennial with papery flowers atop tall stems. The blooms can be used for cutting and drying. Full to part sun. Grows 1-3 feet high by 1-2 feet wide. Colours are blue, pink, or white. Blooms in Spring and Summer. Low maintenance, good for containers, and Native to Niagara.
Beard Tongue - Penstemon
Named because of the fuzz that grows in the opening of the long tubular flower. Flowers come in a variety of colours, and often speckled with contrasting colours. Blooms sit on top of long lanky stems. Prefers full sun and like to sprawl (except for the dwarf variety). Grows well in dry, infertile soils.
Black Eyed Susan - Rudbeckia
Native to Niagara, the black eyed susan is a beautiful. low maintenance flower that can be grown in a variety of soils and conditions. The beautiful golden petal and contrasting dark brown centre sits atop a long green stem and the birds love it! Prefers sun, part sun, is a perennial, and grows 1-20 feet high by up to 3 feet wide.
Cardinal Flower - Lobelia Cardinalis
The Cardinal flower bloom has intense tall spikes that are a brilliant red, named after the red colour of the Roman Catholic cardinal’s robe. Blooms in the summertime and sometimes in the fall; and a good flower for naturalizing Niagara wooded areas and hummingbird gardens.
Cone Flower - Echinacea purpurea
The pure white petal of the “PowWow” is one of the colour varieties of the cone flower. Common colour is the one with pink, purple petals surrounding a cone shaped centre. An sturdy and easy-care perennial that prefers sunny locations. Great for cutting and butterfly gardens. Blooms mid-late summer and early fall. Normal/sand/clay soil. 16-23 inches high and 12-16 inches wide.
Evening Primrose Hypericum Hidcote
Brilliant yellow, pin, or white cups or goblets that are open during the day and quite fragrant. Easy to grow and often found as wild flowers these plants will spread enthusiastically. Blooms in Spring, Summer and Fall. Prefers sun. Grows to be 6″-3 feet high and 8-24 inches wide. Attracts birds. Native to Niagara Region.
Note: All plants are for sale in the Spring only and available while supplies last.